Class XI Hornbill: The Ailing Planet: The Green Movement’s Role Question Answer

Class XI Hornbill: The Ailing Planet: The Green Movement’s Role Question Answer

The chapter The Ailing Planet: The Green Movement’s Role is the 5th chapter of  English textbook Hornbill for Class XI. The Ailing Planet: The Green Movement’s Role is written by Nani Palkhivala. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if it is helpful.

 Question: Laws are neither respected nor enforced in India

Answer: It is painful but true that laws are neither respected nor enforced in India. Let us take examples from everyday life. Almost everyone is conversant with the rule of take examples from everyday life. Almost everyone is conversant with the rule of the road. Still there are cases of wrong overtaking, lane jumping, signal jumping, over speeding and road rage. Our laws insist on compulsory elementary education up to the age of fourteen. Yet we find many illiterate teenager boys or girls of this age loitering around in lanes or employed in petty jobs in road side’s restaurants or as domestic servants. Out constitution insists on the protection and improvement of the environment. The states have been given the responsibility of protecting forest and wildlife. Forests are being cut and illegal shooting of wildlife goes on. Similarly, there are laws regarding abolishing casteism, untouchability and bonded labour. But these remain on paper. In actual life, these are never put into practice. Hence, it can be concluded that laws are neither respected nor enforced in India.

 Question: Are we to leave our successors a scorched planet of advancing deserts, impoverished landscapes and an ailing environment

Answer: I fully agree with the view contained in the statement. There is every likelihood such an eventuality occurring in future. There are solid reasons behind this apprehension. Our resources are limited. They will not last indefinitely if we go on consuming them indiscriminately. Fisheries, Forests, grasslands and croplands form the basis of the global economic system. They supply us food and raw materials for industry. Increasing population has put a severe pressure on them. Excessive use of these resources has impaired their productivity. In large areas of the world these systems have reached an unsustainable level. The results are awful and disastrous. The fisheries will collapse, forests disappear, grasslands will become barren wastelands and croplands will lose their fertility. Decimation of forests will increase dryness and heat and there will be less rainfall. Hence there is a possibility of the earth becoming an overheated place full of increasing deserts, poor landscapes and ailing environment in future.

 Question: We have no inherited this earth from our forefathers, we have borrowed if from our children

Answer: This is a revolutionary statement by Mr. Lester Brown. If focuses attention on the position of manin this universe. People take it for granted that the earth is theirs as they have inherited it from their forefathers. They forget the fact that the real owners of the land are our children. We are only custodians or trustees and we must continue development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their needs. We must not strip the natural world of the resources future generations would need. In our effort to feed the increasing millions, we are plundering the heritage of our children. We have been overusing natural resources for our present purposes. Destruction of natural resources will create an ailing environment. Our consumption of non-renewable resources should be checked. We must preserve natural resources and hand them over to children intact as they are the real owners.

 Question: The problems of overpopulation that directly affect our everyday life

Answer: Overpopulation causes many problems in very day life. The three basic human needs food, cloth and shelter have assumed alarming prepositions. Fisheries, forests, grasslands and croplands are under severe strain. In many areas they have reached an unsustainable level. People resort to overfishing to obtain protein. Forests are being destroyed to obtain firewood. Grassalnds are becoming deserts. Artificial fertilizers have improved the productivity of croplands. Overpopulation hinders development and adversely affects the spread of education and health care among the masses. It is observed that the poor beget more children. It only leads them to unending poverty. More children does not mean more workers but merely more people without work. Thus over-population leads to unemployment public transport proves insufficient. We see long queues everywhere. In short, overpopulation leads to deterioration in environment and shortens our lives by causing many diseases.

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