First Flight

  • Dust of Snow by Robert Frost Question Answer

    Dust of Snow by Robert Frost Question Answer

    The chapter Dust of Snow is the poem of first chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class X.Dust of Snow is written by Robert Frost. This poem presents a moment that seems simple, but has a larger significance. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

    Question: What is a “dust of snow”? What does the poet say has changed his mood? How has the poet’s mood changed?

    Answer: A “dust of snow” could mean a freckle of snow or it could also refer to the little white flowers that can be found on hemlock tree. This “dust of snow” changed the poet’s mood. The poet’s mood changed from that of dismay to joy. He was holding the day in regret when this dust of snow fell on him and this simple little thing brought him some joy.

    Question: How does Frost present nature in this poem?

    Answer: Frost has presented nature in quite an unconventional manner. While in other nature poems we come across birds such as nightingales or sparrow, Frost has used a crow in the poem. A crow can be associated with something dark, black, and foreboding. That is why other poets usually mention singing nightingales or beautiful white doves in their poem.

    Also, the poet has written about a hemlock tree, which a poisonous tree. He has not written about a more beautiful tree such as a maple, or oak, or pine because these trees symbolise beauty and happiness. Frost wanted to symbolise the feelings of sadness and regret, which is why he has used a hemlock tree.

    Question: What do the ‘crow’ and ‘hemlock represent – joy or sorrow? What does the dust of snow that the crow shakes off a hemlock tree stand for?

    Answer: The crow and the hemlock tree represent sorrow. The dust of snow that is shaken off the hemlock tree by the crow stands for joy that Frost experiences. He has, therefore, used an unconventional tree and bird in order to contrast them with joy in the form of snow.

  • For Anne Gregory Question Answer

    For Anne Gregory Question Answer

    The chapter For Anne Gregory is the poem of tenth chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class XFor Anne Gregory is written by William Butler Yeats. This poem is based on the conversation between a young woman and a young man. She wants to be loved for herself alone not for his yellow coloured hair and physical appearances. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

    Question: What does the yound man mean by “great honey-coloured/Ramparts at your ear?” Why does he say that young men are “thrown into despair” by them?

    Answer: The “great honey-coloured/Ramparts at your ear” refers to the beautiful yellow coloured hair that falls at the woman’s ear and cover it like a wall around a fort. He says that the young men are “thrown into despair” by them because they look so beautiful on the woman that her beauty gets thoroughly enhanced. The young men fall in love with her and feel despair. He says that it is not possible that someone would love her alone and not her yellow hair.

    Question: What colour is the young woman’s hair? What does she say she can change it to? Why would she want to do so?

    Answer: The young woman’s hair is of yellow colour. She says that she could get her hair dyed to brown, black or carrot colour. She would change the colour of her hair so that the young men in despair would love her only and not her yellow hair. She wanted them to love her for what she was and not for her appearance such as her hair colour.

    Question: Objects have qualities which make them desirable to others. Can you think of some objects (a car, a phone, a dress…) and say what quality make one objet more desirable than another? Imagine you were trying to sell an object: what qualities would you emphasize?

    Answer: Yes, there are many objects like a television, a refrigerator, washing machine, micro oven etc. Love and affection make one object more desirable than other. If I were trying to sell one object, I would emphasis the qualities of true love for it. And all of us this love will not for its outer but for inner self..

  • The Sermon at Benares Question Answer

    The Sermon at Benares Question Answer

    The chapter The Sermon at Benares is the tenth chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class XThe Sermon at Benares is written by Betty Renstaw. In this story you will know about Mahatma Buddha, his early life and his first sermon, given at Benares. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

    Question: When her son dies, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house. What does she ask for? Does she get it? Why not?

    Answer: When Kisa gotami’s son dies, she went from house to house, asking if she could get some medicine that would cure her child. No, She did not get it because her child was dead and no medicine could have brought him back to life.

    Question: Kisa Gotami again goes from house to house after she speaks with the Buddha. What does she ask for, the second time around? Does she get it? Why not?

    Answer:  When she met the Buddha, he asked for to get a handful of mustard seeds from a house where no one had lost a child, husband, parent, or friend. She went from house to house, but could not get the mustard seeds because there was not a single house where no one had died in the family.

    Question: What does Kisa Gotami understand the second time that she failed to understand the first time? Was this what the Buddha wanted her to understand?

    Answer: Kisa Gotami understood the second time that death is common to all and that she was being selfish in her grief. There was no house where some beloved had not died. Yes, this was what the Buddha wanted her to understand.

    Question: Why do you think Kisa Gotami understood this only the second time? In what way did the Buddha change her understanding?

    Answer: Kisa Gotami understood that death is common to all and that she was being selfish in her grief. She understood this only the second time because it was then that she found that there was not a single house where some beloved had not dies.

    First time round, she was only thinking about her grief and was therefore asking for a medicine that would cure her son. When she met the Buddha, he asked her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a house where no one had dies. He did this purposely to make her realize that there was not a single house where no beloved had died, and that death is natural./ When she went to all the houses the second time, she felt dejected that she could not gather the mustard seeds. Then, when she sat and thought about it, she realized that the fate of men is such that they live and die. Death is common to all. This was what the Buddha had intended her to understand.

    Question: How do you usually understand the idea of ‘selfishness’? Do you agree with Kisa Gotami that she was being ‘selfish in her grief’?

    Answer: ‘Selfishness’ means being concerned only about one’s own interest and showing complete disregard for others welfare. Yes, it can be said that Kisa Gotami was being ‘selfish in her grief’. In the light of her tragedy, she was unable to see that death is something that strikes all things living. In this sense, she was selfish. However, for every person, his/her tragedy is something personal and it prevents him/ her from looking at the tragedy from a universal or general point of view. If we take the usual sense of the word ’selfish’, then calling Kisa Gotami selfish would be inappropriate, because every person becomes selfish in his/her grief.

  • The tale of Custard the Dragon Question Answer

    The tale of Custard the Dragon Question Answer

    The chapter the tale of custard the Dragon  is the poem after ninth chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class XThe tale of Custard the Dragon is written by Ogden Nash. This poem is written in the style of a ballad, a song or poem that tells a story. You must be familiar with ballads that narrate tales of courage or heroism. This poem is a humorous ballad close to a parody. It is a very interesting poem. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

    Question: Who is the characters in this poem? List them with their pet names.

    Answer: The characters in this poem are Belinda, a little black kitten, a little grey mouse, a little yellow dog, a little pet dragon and a pirate.

    Character Pet Name
    Kitten Ink
    Mouse Blink
    Dog Mustard
    Dragon Custard

    Question: Why did Custard cry for a nice safe cage? Why is the dragon called “cowardly dragon”?

    Answer: Custard cried for a nice, safe cage because it was a coward. It is called a ‘cowardly dragon’ because everybody else in the house was brave. Belinda was as brave as a barrel of bears. Ink and Blink are described as so brave that they could chase lions down the stairs and Mustard was as brave as a tiger in rage. Compared to them, Custard cried asking for a nice and safe cage, which is why it is called a coward.

    Question: “Belinda tickled him, she tickled him unmerciful…” why?

    Answer: Belinda tickled the dragon unmercifully because it was very scared and cried for a safe cage. They all laughed at it as it was a coward.

    Question: The poet has employed many poetic devices in the poem. For example: “Clashed his tail like iron in a dungeon” – the poetic device here is a simile. Can you with your partner, list som more such poetic devices used in the poem?

    Answer: In the entire poem, the poet has made extensive use similies. Apart from simile, another poetic device that has been used is repetition. For example, the repetitive use of the word ‘little’ in the first stanza to emphasise how everything from the house to Belinda to her pets were all little. Also, in the seventh stanza, the poet has made use of incorrect spelling as a poetic device to maintain the rhyme scheme of the poem. He has chosen to write ‘winda’ instead of ‘window’ as ‘winda’ rhymes with ‘Belinda’, whereas ‘window’ does not. He has also used alliteration in the poem. For example, in the tenth stanza, ‘Custard’ has’ clashed his tail with a clatter and a clink. Similarly, in stanza eleven, the pirate ‘gaped at the dragon and gulped some grog’.

    Question: Do you find The Tale of Custard the Dragon to be a serious or a light-hearted poem? Give response to support your answer.

    Answer: The Tale of Custard the Dragon is a light-hearted poem. It is almost a parody. The names of the pets of Belinda are all rhyming and funny. Belinda hgas been compared to a barrel full of bears. The kitten and mouse, both little, could chase lions down the stairs. The little yellow dog was as brave as a tiger, while the dragon was a coward and they all teased him. However, when the pirate came to their little house, all of them were engulfed in fear and had hid themselves. Ironically, the ‘cowardly’ dragon came to their rescue and jumped snorting like an engine. It clashed its tail and charged at the pirate like a robin at a wormy and ate him up. Even as everybody became happy to see the bravery of the dragon, they again came back to glorifying themselves that they could have been twice or thrice brave than the dragon. Finally, at the end of the poem, the situation again came back to the other pets being brave and the dragon being the coward. 

  • Madam Rides the Bus long Question Answer

    Madam Rides the Bus long Question Answer

    The chapter Madam Rides the Bus is the ninth chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class XMadam Rides the Bus is written by R.K.Laxman. In the story a girl, named Valli, takes a bus ride and get first experience of riding the bus. She gets into the bus all alone and manages money for the ticket. It is a very interesting story. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

    Question: What was Valli’s deepest desire? Find the words and phrases in the story that tell you this.

    Answer: Valli’s strongest desire was to ride on the bus she saw everyday. The sentences in the story which depict this are as follows:

    “Day after day she watched the bus and gradually a tiny wish crept into her head and grew there: she wanted to ride on that bus, even if just once. This wish became stronger and stronger, until it was an overwhelming desire.”

    Question: How did Valli plan her bus ride? What did she find out about the bus, and how did she save up the fate?

    Answer: Valli planned that she would take the one o’clock afternoon bus, reach the town at one forty-five, and be back home by about two forty-five. She found out that the town was six miles from her village. The fare was thirty paise one way. The trip to the town took forty-five minutes. On reaching the town, if she stayed in her seat and paid another thirty paise, she could return home on the same bus. She had carefully saved whatever stray coins came her way, resisting every temptation to buy peppermints, toys, balloons, and the like, and finally she had saved sixty paise.

    Question: Why does the conductor refer to Valli as ‘madam’ ?

    Answer: When the conductor stretched out his hand to help her get on the bus, Valli said commandingly that she could get on by herself and that she did not require his help. She did not act like a child, but as a grown-up girl and therefore, the conductor called her ‘madam’. When the elderly man called hear child and asked her to sit down on her seat, she replied that nobody was a child on the bus. She kept stressing on the fact that she had paid her fare like everybody else and therefore, she should not be treated differently.

    Question: Find the lines in the text which tell you that Valli was enjoying her ride on the bus.

    Answer: The following lines in the text show that Valli was enjoying her ride on the bus:

    1. Valli devourted everything with her eyes.
    2. On the one side there was a canal and beyond it, palm trees, grassland, distant mountains, and the blue, blue sky. On the other side3 was a deep ditch and then acres and acres of green fields – green, green, green as far as the eye could see. Oh, it was all so wonderful!
    3. Everyone laughed and gradually Valli too joined in the laughter. Suddenly, Valli clapped her hands with glee.
    4. Somehow this was very funny to Valli. She laughed and laughed until there were tears in her eyes.
    5. Valli wasn’t bored to the slightest and greeted everything with the same excitement she’d felt the first time.

    Question: Why does Valli refuse to look out of the window on her way back?

    Answer: Valli refused to look out of the window on her way back because she saw a young cow lying dead by the roadside, just where it had been struck by some fast-moving vehicle. It was the same cow that was running in front of their bus, during their trip to the town. She was overcome with sadness. The memory of the dead cow haunted her and therefore, she refused to look out of the windows.

    Question: Why does Valli mean when she says, “I was just agreeing with what you said about things happening without our knowledge.”

    Answer: Valli’s mother said that many things happen around us, but we are usually unaware of them. Valli had gone on a bus ride to town, all alone and had come back without any harm. She did all this without the knowledge of her mother. Hence, she agreed with what her mother said.

    Question: The author describe the things that Valli sees from an eight-year-old’s point of view. Can you find evidence from the text for this statement?

    Answer: The author has described the things that Valli saw from an eight-year-old’s point of view. She was fascinated by a bus. Watching the bus filled with a new set of people each time was a source of unending joy for her. Her strongest desire was to ride the bus. She saved money by cutting on peppermints, toys, and balloons and even resisting the temptation to rise the merry-go-round at the fair. When the author describes the bus, the points he stresses on are the colour and look of the bus. It was a ‘new bus’, painted a ‘gleaming white’. The overhead bars ‘shone like silver’. The seats were ‘soft and luxurious’. The descriptions that the author gives when Valli looked outside are also typical for an eight-year-old. The ‘blue, blue sky’ and the ‘acres and acres of green field – green, green, green’ show the enthusiasm of a kid on looking at different colours. Valli clapped her hands in glee on watching a cow run right in front of the bus. She found it so funny that tears came into her eyes. On the other hand, she was overcome with sadness on her way back when she saw the same cow lying dead. It had been a ‘lovable, beautiful creature’ and later it ‘looked so horrible’. The memory of the dead cow haunted her so much that she refused to look outside the window. The memory of the dead cow haunted her so much that she refused to look outside the window. These are the typical reactions of a young child.

  • Madam Rides the Bus Question Answer

    Madam Rides the Bus Question Answer

    The chapter Madam Rides the Bus is the ninth chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class XMadam Rides the Bus is written by R.K.Laxman. In the story a girl, named Valli, takes a bus ride and get first experience of riding the bus. She gets into the bus all alone and manages money for the ticket. It is a very interesting story. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

    Question: What was Valli’s favourite pastime

    Answer: Valli’s favourite pastime was to stand in the front doorway of her house and watching what was happening in the street outside.

    Question: What was a source of unending joy for Valli? What was her strongest desire?

    Answer: A source of unending joy for Valli was the sight of the bus that travelled between her village and the nearest town, filled with a new set of passengers each time it passed through her street. Her strongest desire was to ride on that bus.

    Question: What did Valli find out about the bus journey? How did she find out these details?

    Answer: Valli found out that the town was six miles from her village. The fare was thirty paise one way. The trip to the town took forty-five minutes. On reaching the town, if she stayed in her seat and paid another thirty paise, she could return home by the same bus. She found out these details by listening carefully to the conversations between her neighbours and the people who regularly used the bus. She also gained information by asking them a few questions.

    Question: What do you think Valli was planning to do?

    Answer: Valli was planning to travel on that bus.

    Question: Why does the conductor call Valli ‘madam’?

    Answer: When the conductor stretched out his hand to help her get on the bus, Valli said commandingly that she could get on by herself, and that she did not require his help. She did not act like a child, but as a grown-up girl and therefore, the conductor called her ‘madam’.

    Question: Why does Valli stand up on the seat? What does she see now?

    Answer: Valli stood up on her seat because her view was cut off by a canvas blind that covered the lower part of her window. She stood up to look over the blind. She saw that the road was very narrow, on one side of which there was the canal and beyond it were palm trees, grassland, distant mountains, and the blue sky. On the other side, there as deep ditch and many acres of green fields.

    Question: What does Valli tell the elderly man when he calls her a child?

    Answer: When the elderly man called her a child, Valli told him that there was nobody on the bus who was a child. She had paid her fare of thirty paise like everyone else.

    Question: Why didn’t Valli want to make friends with the elderly woman?

    Answer: Valli did not want to make friends with the elderly woman because she found her absolutely repulsive. She saw that the woman had big holes in her ear lobes and very ugly earrings in them. She could smell the betel nut the woman was chewing, and could see the betel juice that was almost about to spilt over her lips. That is why she did not want to be sociable with her.

    Question:  How did Valli save up money for the first journey? Was it easy for her?

    Answer: Valli had carefully saved whatever stray coins came her way, resisting every temptation to buy peppermints, toys, balloons and whatever she likes. Finally she had saved sixty paise. No, it was not easy for her, especially at the village fair where she was tempted to ride the merry-go-round as she had the money. However, she suppressed her strong desire and saved the money for the bus ride.

    Question: What did Valli see on her way that made her laugh?

    Answer: Valli saw a young cow, whose tail was high in the air, running right in front of the bus in the middle of the road. The bus slowed and the driver sounded his horn loudly. However, the more he honked, the more frightened the cow became and it kept running faster and faster, right in front of the bus. Valli found it so amusing that she had tears in her eyes. At last, the cow moved off the road.

    Question: Why didn’t she get off the bus at the bus station?

    Answer: She did not get off the bus at the bus station because she had to go back on that same bus. She took out another thirty paise from her pocket and handed the coins to the conductor. She just wanted to ride on the bus.

    Question: Why didn’t Valli want to go to the stall and have a drink? What does this tell you about her? 

    Answer: Valli did not want to go to the stall and have a drink because she did not have any money for that. Even when the conductor offered her a cold drink free of charge, she refused firmly and said that she only wanted her ticket. This shows that Valli had a lot of self-will and pride. Possibly, she did not want to take anything for free, particularly from a stranger. ?

  • A Letter to God | Thinking about Text

    A Letter to God | Thinking about Text

    A letter to God is written by G.L.Fluentes. You can find Question Answer relation the story A letter to God. In this story there is a farmer, named Lencho, who writes a letter to God when his crops are ruined, asking for a hundred pesos. But what he gets and what his reaction is worth of reading. A letter to God is the first chapter of the book “First Flight” prescribed by CBSE for class X.

    Question: Who does Lencho have complete faith in? Which sentences in the story tell you this?
    Answer: Lencho had complete faith in God. The sentences in the story that show this are as follows:

    • But in the hearts of all who lived in that solitary house in the middle of the valley, there was a single hope: help from God.
    • All through the night, Lencho thought only of his one hope: the help of God, whose eyes, as he had been instructed, see everything, even what is deep in one’s conscience.
    • “God”, he wrote, “if you don’t help me, my family and I will go hungry this year.”
    • He wrote ‘To God’ on the envelope, put the letter inside and, still troubled, went to town.
    • God could not have made a mistake, nor could he have denied Lencho what he had requested.
    • It said: “God: of the money that I asked for, only seventy pesos reached me, Send me the rest, since I need it very much.

    Question: Why does the postmaster send money to Lencho? Why does he sign the letter ‘God’?
    Answer: The postmaster sent money to Lencho in order to keep Lencho’s faith in God alive. He turned serious when he read Lencho’s letter and wished he had the same faith in God. Even after he saw that Lencho had requested for money, he stuck to his resolution of answering the letter. He gathered as much money as he could and sent it to Lencho. He signed it ‘God’ so that Lencho’s faith would not get shaken.

    Question: Did Lencho try to find out who had sent the money to him? Why/Why not?
    Answer: No, Lencho does not try to find out who had sent the money to him. This is because he never suspected that it could be anybody else other than God who would send him the money. His faith in God was so strong that he believed that Go had sent him the money.

    Question: Who does Lencho think has taken the rest of the money? What is the irony in the situation? (Remember that the irony of a situation is an unexpected aspect of it. An ironic situation is strange or amusing because it is the opposite of what is expected.
    Answer: Lencho thought that the post office employees had taken the rest of the money. The irony of the situation was that the employees whom he called a “bunch of crooks” and suspected of taking some of the money were the same people who had contributed and sent him the money in the first place.

    Question: Are there people like Lencho in the real world? What kind of a person would you say he is? You may select appropriate words from the box to answer the question.

    The Words are :
    Greedy, Naive, Stupid, Ungrateful, Selfish, Comical, Unquestioning

    Answer: There might be a few people like Lencho in the real world. He is an unquestioning, naive kind of a person.

    Question: There are two kinds of conflict in the story: between humans and nature, and between human themselves. How are these conflicts illustrated?
    Answer: The conflict between humans and nature is illustrated by the destruction of Lencho’s crops by the hailstorm. Lencho had worked really hard on his fields and the harvest was really important for him. He required the money to feed his family. However, the nature turned violent. The rains were accompanied by a hailstorm, which destroyed the crops. The story also illustrates another conflict, between human themselves. The postmaster, along with the help of the other post office employees, sent Lencho the money that they could manage to collect. They were not related to Lencho in any manner. It was an act of kindness and selflessness on their part. Even though they did a god deed, Lencho blamed them for taking away some amount of money. He called them “a bunch of crooks”. This shows that man does not have faith in his fellow human, thereby giving rise to this conflict.

  • A letter to God Question Answer

    A letter to God Question Answer

    A letter to God is written by G.L.Fluentes. You can find Question Answer relation the story A letter to God. In this story there is a farmer, named Lencho, who writes a letter to God when his crops are ruined, asking for a hundred pesos. But what he gets and what his reaction is worth of reading. A letter to God is the first chapter of the book “First Flight” prescribed by CBSE for class X.

    Question 1. What did Lencho hope for?
    Answer: Lencho hoped for rains as the only thing that his field of ripe corn needed was a shower.

    Question 2. Why did Lencho say the raindrops were like ‘new coins’?
    Answer: Lencho’ crops were ready for harvest. However, they required a good downpour before harvesting. After a downpour, he could sell the harvest and get money. That is why he compared the raindrops to ‘new coins’.

    Question 3. How did the rain change? What happened to Lencho’s fields?
    Answer: The rain was pouring down. But suddenly, a strong wind began to blow and very large hailstones began to fall along with the rain. The hail rained on the valley for an hour, because of which Lencho’s field were destroyed. There was not a single leaf left on the trees and the flowers were gone from the plants. The corn was completely destroyed.

    Question 4. What were Lencho’s feelings when the hail stopped?
    Answer: When the hail stopped, Lench’s soul was filled with sadness. He looked around at his fields and said that even a plague of locusts would have left more than what was left after the hailstorm. He said that they would have no corn that year and they would go hungry. He was full of sorrow.

    Question 5. Who or what did Lencho have faith in? What did he do? 
    Answer: Lencho had faith in God. He had been instructed that God’s eyes see everything, even what is deep in one’s conscience. Therefore, he wrote a letter to God expressing his need for a hundred pesos so that he could see his field again and live until the crop grew again.

    Question 6.Who read the letter?
    Answer: When the postman saw that the letter was addressed to God, he laughed and took the letter to the postmaster, who then read it.

    Question 7. .What did the postmaster do then?
    Answer: In order to keep the writer’s faith in God alive, the postmaster decided to answer the letter. When he read that Lencho needed hundred pesos, he asked for money from his employees. He himself gave a part of his salary. He could not gather the entire amount, but managed to send Lencho a little more than half the amount. He put the money in an envelope addressed to Lencho and signed it ‘God’.

    Question 8. Was Lencho surprised to find a letter for him with money it it?
    Answer: No, Lencho was not at all surprised to see the letter from God with money inside it. His confidence and faith in God was such that he had expected that reply from God.

    Question 9. What made him angry?
    Answer: He became angry when he counted the money. Actually Lencho had demanded 100 poses but only 70 pesos reached him. He thought that God could not deny him what he had demanded. Certainly the post office employees might take the money. So Lencho was angry.

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