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Class XI Hornbill: Landscape of the soul Question Answer

Class XI Hornbill: Landscape of the soul Question Answer

The chapter The Landscape of the soul is the 3rd chapter of  English textbook Hornbill for Class XI. Landscape of the soul is written by Nathalie Trouveroy. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if it is helpful.

Question: Contrast the Chinese view of art with the European view with examples.

Answer: The Chinese painting are based on an imaginative, inner or spiritual approach whereas the European painting reproduces an actual view, of an external or real object. The painting Daozi and master painters of Europe illustrate the difference.

Question: Explain the concept of ‘Shanshui’.

Answer: Shanshui represents two complementary poles of the universe, ‘yang’ and ‘yin’. Literally shanshui means ‘mountain water’. Mountain is ‘yang’ the vertical stable, warm and dry element. Water is ‘yin’ horizon resting on earth, fluid and cool. The interaction of yin i.e. the receptive female aspect of universal energy and ‘yang’ the active and masculine energy creates the images.

Question: Who was the ‘untutored genius who created a ‘paradise’ and what is the nature of his contribution to art?

Answer: The ‘untutored genius who created a paradise’ is Sh. Nek Chand who created Rock Garden at Chandigarh. He has sculpted a garden with stone and recycled material. His art is recognised as India’s biggest contribution to ‘outsider art’.

Question: ‘The Emperor may rule over the territory he has conquered, but only the artist knows the way within’.

Answer: The Emperor is a symbol of authority and power. His will prevail in the land under his rule. His word is law for the people spread over the territory he rules. The emperor may get the services of talented persons and master artists. The acquisition of power, pelf and physical objects does not make him superior to the artists. The artist has a spiritual insight into the nature of things. He understands the working of the mysterious ways of the universe. His spiritual enlightenment and vision can help a the emperor to attain the goal of life i.e, the liberation of the soul from the framework of body. It is only the artist who knows the way within the territory the emperor ha conquered. The way here means both the  path and the method. His approach, is purely spiritual which person, burdened with materialistic approach fail to acquire and appreciate.

Question: ‘The Landscape is an inner one, a spiritual and conceptual space.”

Answer: A classical Chinese landscape is not meant to reproduce and actual view as would a western figurative painting. The European painter aims to create illusionary likeness whereas the Asian artists try to capture the essence of inner life and spirit. For the Chinese painter, the landscape is not a ‘real’ one. He does not choose a single viewpoint. Hence his landscape can be viewed from different angles. One can enter it from any point and then travel in it. The Chinese artist creates a path for out eyes to travel up and down and then back again, in a leisurely movement. These paintings require the active participation of the viewer. This participation is physical as well as mental. We must try not only to see the painting but enter the mind of the painter as well. It is only by understanding the ideals that motivate the painter, that we can understand the true import or the essence. It is because his landscape is an inner one, a spiritual and conceptual space.

Class XI Hornbill: The Laburnum Top by Ted Highes Question Answer

Class XI Hornbill: The Laburnum Top by Ted Highes Question Answer

The chapter The Laburnum Top is the 2nd poem of  English textbook Hornbill for Class XI. The Laburnum Top is written by Ted Highes. It is a very sensitive poem for sensitive reader. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if it is helpful.

See Also: The full poem | Summary and explanation |figure of speech |Possible Question Answer | Note Down

Question: What laburnum is called in your language?

Answer:  The laburnum tree is called ‘amaltass’ in our language (Hindi).

Question: What local bird is like the goldfinch?

Answer: The local bird ‘sonchiriya’ is like goldfinch.

Question: What do you notice about the beginning and the ending of the poem?

Answer: The beginning and the ending of the poem highlight the silence and stillness around the empty Laburnum tree.

Question: To what is the bird’s movement compared? What is the basis for the comparison?

Answer: The bird’s movement is compared to that of a lizard. The glossy smoothness between their movement is the basis for the comparison. Moreover the movement is abrupt and marked by alertness.

Question: Why is the image of the engine evoked by the poet?

Answer: The middle part of the Laburnum tree produces a lot of noise and initiates much movement also. There are a lot of sounds caused by twittering, shaking of wings and trilling. It seems as if a machine had started working. The poet calls it the engine of her family. The goldfinch feeds the young ones in the same way as a worker stokes fuel (coal) in a railway engine.

Question: What do you like most about the poem?

Answer: The poem gives a fine description of the sounds and movements of a goldfinch in a laburnum tree in autumn season. The sensuousness of the poem has a deep appeal for a sensitive reader.

Question: What does the phrase ‘her barred face identity mask’ mean?

Answer: The face of the goldfinch is only partly visible. The bars on her her face serve as marks for her identity. They hide more than they reveal.

Class XI Hornbill: Discovering Tut the Saga continues Question Answer

Class XI Hornbill: Discovering Tut the Saga continues Question Answer

The chapter Discovering Tut the Saga continues, written by A.R. Williams, is the story of discovering of last pharaoh, Tut that what would have happened at the time of his death. Was it murder? Even it was the most possible assumption. In the post you can find question answer related the lesson discovering tut the saga continues. It is the 3rd Chapter of English textbook Hornbill for Class XI. Hornbill is prescribed by CBSE. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if it is helpful.

Question: King Tut’s body has been subjected to repeated scrutiny.

Answer: The mummy of King Tutankhamun has earned worldwide fame for the riches it was buried with. There is also speculation about the manner of his death and his age at the time of death. Hence King Tut’s body has been subjected to repeated scrutiny.

Question: Howard Carter’s investigation was resented.

Answer: Howard Carter’s investigation was resented because he used unscientific methods and illegitimate ways. He was focusing more on treasure and less on cultural and historical aspects. .

Question: Carter had to chisel away the solidified resins to raise the king’s remains.

Answer: Carter found that the ritual resins had hardened. The result was that Tut’s body had been cemented to the bottom of his solid gold coffin. Proper force could not move the resins. Even the scorching sun failed to loosen the resins. So he got the resins chiseled away to raise the king’s remains. .

Question: Tut’s body was buried along with gilded treasures.

Answer: The people of ancient Egypt believed in resurrection of the dead. Their kings were extremely rich. So Tut’s body was buried with gilded treasures. Their eternal brilliance was meant to guarantee resurrection. Thing of everyday use were also buried with the king. .

Question: The boy king changed his name from Tutankhaten to Tutankhamun.

Answer: Tutankhamun means “living image of Amun”. He was a major god in ancient Egypt. King Amenhotep IV who changed his name to Akhonaten smashed the images of Amun and got his temples closed. Tut oversaw a restoration of the old ways. He changed his name to express his belief in Amun. .

Question: List the deeds that led Ray Johnson to describe Akhenten as ‘wacky’.

Answer: Akhenaten means the servant of the Aten i.e., the sun disc. He moved the religious capital from the old city of the Thebes to the new city of Akhenaton, known now as Amarna. He smashed the images of Amun, a major god and closed his temples. These deeds led Ray Jonson to describe Akhenaten as ‘Wacky’. .

Question: What were the results of the CT scan?

Answer: The results of the C.T. scan were quite encouraging. 1700 digital X-ray images in crosss-section were created. A gray head appeared on screen. Neck vertebrae were quite clear. The images of hand, ribcage and skull were equally bright. These revealed that nothing had gone seriously wrong with Tut’s body. .

Question: List the advances in technology that have improved forensic analysis.

Answer: The advances in technology have helped in improving forensic analysis. Many scientific tests can be carried out to determine the causes of crime. These include X-ray ultrasound, C.T. scan, post mortem, autopsy and biopsy. All these help in diagnosis and provide exact information. .

Question: Explain the statement, “King Tut is one of the first mummies to be scanned in death as in life….”

Answer: King Tut’s mummy was the first one to be X-rayed by an anatomy Professor in 1968. On 5 January 2005 CT scan created virtual reality and produced life-like images. King Tut is one of the first mummies to be scanned. Thus in death as well as in life Tut moved regally ahead of his countrymen. .

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Class XI Hornbill: We’re not afraid to die If we can all be together Question Answer

Class XI Hornbill: We’re not afraid to die If we can all be together Question Answer

The chapter We’re not afraid to die If we can all be together is the 2nd chapter of  English textbook Hornbill for Class XI. We’re not afraid to die If we can all be together is written by Gordon Cook and Alan East. It is a very inspiring story. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if it is helpful.

Question: List the steps taken by the captain.

  1. To protect the ship when rough. Weather began
  2. To check the flooding of the water in the ship.

Answer: i) In order to protect the ship from rough weather, the captain decided to slow it down. S he dropped the storm jib and lashed heavy mooring rope in a loop across the stern. Then they double fastened everything and went through their life-raft drill.

ii) Larry and Herb started pumping out water. The captain stretched canvas and secured water proof hatch covers across the gaping holes. When the two hand pumps blocked and electric pumps short circuited, he found another electric pump, connected it to an outpipe and started it.

Question: Describe the mental condition of the voyages on 4th and 5th January.

Answer: On January 4, the voyagers felt relieved after 36 hours of continuous pumping out water. They had their first meal in almost two days. Their respite was host-lived. They faced dangerous situation on January 5. Fear of death loomed large. They were under great mental stress.

Question: Describe the shifts in the narration of the events as indicated in the three sections of the text. Give a subtitle to each section.

Answer: The first section describes a peaceful journey from Plymouth (England) to 3500 km east of Cape Town (South Africa). The narrator is relaxed and full of confidence. As the weather deteriorated, they faced gigantic waves. They took precautions to save themselves and struggle with the disaster. The narration becomes grim. But it exudes the fighting spirit, confidence and strong will power. By the morning of January 6, Wavewalker rode out the storm and by evening they sighted Ile Amsterdam Island. The narrator is now relaxed. Joy, relief and complete confidence are apparent.

The subtitle to each is Section 1-Cheerful journey, Section 2-Facing the wave, Section 3-Searching the Island.

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A Photograph by Shirley Toulson Question Answer

A Photograph by Shirley Toulson Question Answer

The chapter A Photograph is the poem of first chapter of  English textbook Hornbill for Class XI. A Photograph is written by Shirley Toulson. This poem presents a nostalgic moment of a daughter who saw a photograph of her mother and other relatives. She finds the happy moments that is no longer exits. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

Question: What does the word “Cardboard” denote in the poem? Why has this word been used?

Answer: The word cardboard denotes the photograph pasted on a hard thick paper. This word has been used to refer to a practice in the past when photographs were pasted on cardboard and framed with glass front to preserve them.

Question: What has the camera captured?

Answer: The camera has captured the three girls – the poet’s mother and her two cousins, betty and Dolly, in their swimming dresses with the poet’s mother in the middle and the two cousins on either side holding her hands and walking with bare feet in sea water.

Question: What has not changed over the years? Does this suggest something to you?

Answer:  The sea has not changed over the years. Its waves are as fresh, shinging and tireless as they were years ago. The changelessness of sea reminds us of the changes in human face with advancing age.

Question: The poet’s mother laughed at the snapshot. What did this laugh indicate?

Answer: This laugh indicated her joy at remembering an incident connected with her past life, when she was quite young and free from the tensions and worries of life.

Question: What is the meaning of the line “Both wry with laboured ease of loss”. ?

Answer: The sea holiday and the laughter of the poet’s mother are incidents of the past. There is a sense of loss associated with them. Both are amusing yet disappointing as the state of feeling comfortable or relaxed in unnatural or forced one. This sense of loss is quite painful to bear.

Question: What does this circumstance refer to?

Answer: This circumstance refers to the death of the poet’s mother.

Question: The three stanzas depict three different phases. Name them.

Answer:  (a) The girlhood of the poet’s mother – the period before the birth of the poet.

(b) Her middle age – the period during the childhood of the peot.

(c) Period after the death of the poet’s mother.

 

The Portrait of a Lady All Question Answer

The Portrait of a Lady All Question Answer

The chapter The Portrait of a Lady is the first chapter of  English textbook Hornbill for Class XIThe Portrait of a Lady is written by Khushwant Singh.  In this chapter he gently describes how he loves his grandmother and how she was important to him. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

Question: Mention the three phased of the author’s relationship with his grandmother before he left the country to study abroad.

Answer: The three phased of the author’s relationship with his grandmother before he left the country to study abroad are:

  • Childhood – When he went to the village school and the grandmother helped to get ready and went to school with him.
  • Boyhood – When he went to the city school in a bus. He shared a room with grandmother but she could no longer help him in his studies.
  • Early youth – When he went to the university and was given a room of him own. The common link of friendship was snapped.

Question: Mention three reasons why the author’s grandmother was disturbed when he started going to the city school.

Answer: The three reasons why the author’s grandmother was disturbed when he started going to the city school are:

  • She hated western Science and learning
  • She was pained to know that there was no teaching of God and the scriptures there.
  • She was allergic to music. She thought it was not meant for decent people and gentlefolk. It was the monopoly of prostitutes and beggars.

Question: Mention three ways in which the author’s grandmother spent her days after he grew up.

Answer: The three ways in which the author’s grandmother spent her days after he grew up are:

  • She lived alone in her room as she had accepted her loneliness quietly.
  • She sat at her spinning wheel reciting prayers.
  • In the afternoon, she would feed the sparrows for half an hour.

Question: Mention the odd ways in which the author’s grandmother behaved just before she died.

Answer: Just before her death, the author’s grandmother refused to talk to them. Since she had omitted to pray the previous night while she was singing songs of home coming and beating the drum, she was not going to waste any more time. She ignored their protests. She lay peacefully in bed praying and telling beads.

Question: The way in which the sparrows expressed their sorrow when the author’s grandmother died.

Answer: Thousands of sparrows sat silently surrounding the dead body of the author’s grandmother. There was no chirruping. The author’s mother threw some crumbs of bread to them. They took no notice of them. As soon as the grandmother’s corpse was carried off, flew away quietly. Thus the sparrows expressed their sorrow.

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Dust of Snow by Robert Frost Question Answer

Dust of Snow by Robert Frost Question Answer

The chapter Dust of Snow is the poem of first chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class X.Dust of Snow is written by Robert Frost. This poem presents a moment that seems simple, but has a larger significance. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

Question: What is a “dust of snow”? What does the poet say has changed his mood? How has the poet’s mood changed?

Answer: A “dust of snow” could mean a freckle of snow or it could also refer to the little white flowers that can be found on hemlock tree. This “dust of snow” changed the poet’s mood. The poet’s mood changed from that of dismay to joy. He was holding the day in regret when this dust of snow fell on him and this simple little thing brought him some joy.

Question: How does Frost present nature in this poem?

Answer: Frost has presented nature in quite an unconventional manner. While in other nature poems we come across birds such as nightingales or sparrow, Frost has used a crow in the poem. A crow can be associated with something dark, black, and foreboding. That is why other poets usually mention singing nightingales or beautiful white doves in their poem.

Also, the poet has written about a hemlock tree, which a poisonous tree. He has not written about a more beautiful tree such as a maple, or oak, or pine because these trees symbolise beauty and happiness. Frost wanted to symbolise the feelings of sadness and regret, which is why he has used a hemlock tree.

Question: What do the ‘crow’ and ‘hemlock represent – joy or sorrow? What does the dust of snow that the crow shakes off a hemlock tree stand for?

Answer: The crow and the hemlock tree represent sorrow. The dust of snow that is shaken off the hemlock tree by the crow stands for joy that Frost experiences. He has, therefore, used an unconventional tree and bird in order to contrast them with joy in the form of snow.

For Anne Gregory Question Answer

For Anne Gregory Question Answer

The chapter For Anne Gregory is the poem of tenth chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class XFor Anne Gregory is written by William Butler Yeats. This poem is based on the conversation between a young woman and a young man. She wants to be loved for herself alone not for his yellow coloured hair and physical appearances. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

Question: What does the yound man mean by “great honey-coloured/Ramparts at your ear?” Why does he say that young men are “thrown into despair” by them?

Answer: The “great honey-coloured/Ramparts at your ear” refers to the beautiful yellow coloured hair that falls at the woman’s ear and cover it like a wall around a fort. He says that the young men are “thrown into despair” by them because they look so beautiful on the woman that her beauty gets thoroughly enhanced. The young men fall in love with her and feel despair. He says that it is not possible that someone would love her alone and not her yellow hair.

Question: What colour is the young woman’s hair? What does she say she can change it to? Why would she want to do so?

Answer: The young woman’s hair is of yellow colour. She says that she could get her hair dyed to brown, black or carrot colour. She would change the colour of her hair so that the young men in despair would love her only and not her yellow hair. She wanted them to love her for what she was and not for her appearance such as her hair colour.

Question: Objects have qualities which make them desirable to others. Can you think of some objects (a car, a phone, a dress…) and say what quality make one objet more desirable than another? Imagine you were trying to sell an object: what qualities would you emphasize?

Answer: Yes, there are many objects like a television, a refrigerator, washing machine, micro oven etc. Love and affection make one object more desirable than other. If I were trying to sell one object, I would emphasis the qualities of true love for it. And all of us this love will not for its outer but for inner self..

The Sermon at Benares Question Answer

The Sermon at Benares Question Answer

The chapter The Sermon at Benares is the tenth chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class XThe Sermon at Benares is written by Betty Renstaw. In this story you will know about Mahatma Buddha, his early life and his first sermon, given at Benares. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

Question: When her son dies, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house. What does she ask for? Does she get it? Why not?

Answer: When Kisa gotami’s son dies, she went from house to house, asking if she could get some medicine that would cure her child. No, She did not get it because her child was dead and no medicine could have brought him back to life.

Question: Kisa Gotami again goes from house to house after she speaks with the Buddha. What does she ask for, the second time around? Does she get it? Why not?

Answer:  When she met the Buddha, he asked for to get a handful of mustard seeds from a house where no one had lost a child, husband, parent, or friend. She went from house to house, but could not get the mustard seeds because there was not a single house where no one had died in the family.

Question: What does Kisa Gotami understand the second time that she failed to understand the first time? Was this what the Buddha wanted her to understand?

Answer: Kisa Gotami understood the second time that death is common to all and that she was being selfish in her grief. There was no house where some beloved had not died. Yes, this was what the Buddha wanted her to understand.

Question: Why do you think Kisa Gotami understood this only the second time? In what way did the Buddha change her understanding?

Answer: Kisa Gotami understood that death is common to all and that she was being selfish in her grief. She understood this only the second time because it was then that she found that there was not a single house where some beloved had not dies.

First time round, she was only thinking about her grief and was therefore asking for a medicine that would cure her son. When she met the Buddha, he asked her to get a handful of mustard seeds from a house where no one had dies. He did this purposely to make her realize that there was not a single house where no beloved had died, and that death is natural./ When she went to all the houses the second time, she felt dejected that she could not gather the mustard seeds. Then, when she sat and thought about it, she realized that the fate of men is such that they live and die. Death is common to all. This was what the Buddha had intended her to understand.

Question: How do you usually understand the idea of ‘selfishness’? Do you agree with Kisa Gotami that she was being ‘selfish in her grief’?

Answer: ‘Selfishness’ means being concerned only about one’s own interest and showing complete disregard for others welfare. Yes, it can be said that Kisa Gotami was being ‘selfish in her grief’. In the light of her tragedy, she was unable to see that death is something that strikes all things living. In this sense, she was selfish. However, for every person, his/her tragedy is something personal and it prevents him/ her from looking at the tragedy from a universal or general point of view. If we take the usual sense of the word ’selfish’, then calling Kisa Gotami selfish would be inappropriate, because every person becomes selfish in his/her grief.

The tale of Custard the Dragon Question Answer

The tale of Custard the Dragon Question Answer

The chapter the tale of custard the Dragon  is the poem after ninth chapter of  English textbook First Flight for Class XThe tale of Custard the Dragon is written by Ogden Nash. This poem is written in the style of a ballad, a song or poem that tells a story. You must be familiar with ballads that narrate tales of courage or heroism. This poem is a humorous ballad close to a parody. It is a very interesting poem. Here you can find out possible question answer. Please write below your opinion if this is helpful.

Question: Who is the characters in this poem? List them with their pet names.

Answer: The characters in this poem are Belinda, a little black kitten, a little grey mouse, a little yellow dog, a little pet dragon and a pirate.

Character Pet Name
Kitten Ink
Mouse Blink
Dog Mustard
Dragon Custard

Question: Why did Custard cry for a nice safe cage? Why is the dragon called “cowardly dragon”?

Answer: Custard cried for a nice, safe cage because it was a coward. It is called a ‘cowardly dragon’ because everybody else in the house was brave. Belinda was as brave as a barrel of bears. Ink and Blink are described as so brave that they could chase lions down the stairs and Mustard was as brave as a tiger in rage. Compared to them, Custard cried asking for a nice and safe cage, which is why it is called a coward.

Question: “Belinda tickled him, she tickled him unmerciful…” why?

Answer: Belinda tickled the dragon unmercifully because it was very scared and cried for a safe cage. They all laughed at it as it was a coward.

Question: The poet has employed many poetic devices in the poem. For example: “Clashed his tail like iron in a dungeon” – the poetic device here is a simile. Can you with your partner, list som more such poetic devices used in the poem?

Answer: In the entire poem, the poet has made extensive use similies. Apart from simile, another poetic device that has been used is repetition. For example, the repetitive use of the word ‘little’ in the first stanza to emphasise how everything from the house to Belinda to her pets were all little. Also, in the seventh stanza, the poet has made use of incorrect spelling as a poetic device to maintain the rhyme scheme of the poem. He has chosen to write ‘winda’ instead of ‘window’ as ‘winda’ rhymes with ‘Belinda’, whereas ‘window’ does not. He has also used alliteration in the poem. For example, in the tenth stanza, ‘Custard’ has’ clashed his tail with a clatter and a clink. Similarly, in stanza eleven, the pirate ‘gaped at the dragon and gulped some grog’.

Question: Do you find The Tale of Custard the Dragon to be a serious or a light-hearted poem? Give response to support your answer.

Answer: The Tale of Custard the Dragon is a light-hearted poem. It is almost a parody. The names of the pets of Belinda are all rhyming and funny. Belinda hgas been compared to a barrel full of bears. The kitten and mouse, both little, could chase lions down the stairs. The little yellow dog was as brave as a tiger, while the dragon was a coward and they all teased him. However, when the pirate came to their little house, all of them were engulfed in fear and had hid themselves. Ironically, the ‘cowardly’ dragon came to their rescue and jumped snorting like an engine. It clashed its tail and charged at the pirate like a robin at a wormy and ate him up. Even as everybody became happy to see the bravery of the dragon, they again came back to glorifying themselves that they could have been twice or thrice brave than the dragon. Finally, at the end of the poem, the situation again came back to the other pets being brave and the dragon being the coward. 

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